Dr. Bas Pedroli (Amsterdam, NL)zurück

Is there a future for Europe’s landscape diversity?

“...  More integrated approaches and more local involvement are clearly needed to answer the call—see, for example, Paul Selman (2012)—for reconnection, which should be mainly based on land sharing at a regional scale. Broader and more direct, discursive interactions between landscape management practice, public policy and landscape research (Swaffield, 2013) may also represent a way forward towards workable processes as well as integrated solutions to restructure European landscapes.

   Inspired by the work of Albrechts (2006) and Healey (2009), a strategic approach to landscape policy and planning has been found to be promising in a number of experimental projects. Recent experiences have shown that ‘landscape strategy making’ (or ‘spatial strategy making’) approaches are effectively being used for cities and urban regions (Healey, 2006, 2009). But also in the rural landscape promising first experiences involving both the local community (including the farmers and other primary landscape managers) and the local government have been reported (Pinto-Correia, Guiomar, Guerra, & Carvalho-Ribeiro, 2015; Primdahl, 2014; Primdahl, Kristensen, & Busck, 2013). A landscape strategy-making approach may represent a pathway to a more transformative, more integrated and more sustainable approach to landscape governance in Europe. Landscape strategy making consists of a set of visions and more concrete objectives for protection and change, a number of strategic projects which are more or less comprehensively described, and a spatial outline to which the objectives and projects refer . .... There is no precise model or framework of how a landscape strategy should be produced, and neither should there be. European landscapes are simply too diverse to apply the same detailed scheme everywhere, while the specific (strategic) context also often varies in scale and substance. ....  Broad ownership of the strategy is required, including local government, land owners, local businesses, residents, NGOs, relevant institutions and organisations (Van Paassen, Van den Berg, Steingrover, Werkman, & Pedroli, 2011).

   Europe’s landscape diversity may still survive for some time because there is a time lag between changes to landscape functions and transitions in landscape character and diversity (van der Sluis, Pedroli, Kristensen, Cosor, & Pavlis, 2015). However, current policies seem to be neglecting the long-term effects of land use change that may very well be irreversible once they have become observable. Therefore, the need for new paradigms for the governance of rural landscapes of Europe is urgent. .... To cope with current rural landscape transitions, modern community-based landscape governance should invest in joint vision development among all parties concerned, paying due attention to integrating sectoral interests, to shared funding opportunities, to innovative multifunctional land management alternatives and to a proper use of available resources, including knowledge.”

from: Pedroli, B., Pinto Correia, T., & Primdahl, J. (2016). Challenges for a shared European countryside of uncertain future. Towards a modern community-based landscape perspective. Landscape Research, 1-11 online first. DOI:10.1080/01426397.2016.1156072

Dr. Bas Pedroli (Amsterdam, NL)